Investors need to price the risk of recession in 2023
A recession in 2023 is not our central case, but investors ought to price the risk of it happening, in order to reduce the probability that it will. We would be surprised if the Federal Reserve were to raise rates seven times in 2022, mainly because that would automatically cause the consensus to reduce its forecasts for US growth in 2023. The Fed’s hawkishness in 2016 had a similar effect and we see early signs of this happening in two of our main models. Investment Grade has hit a five-year low in our US$ fixed income model. Investors are now concerned about credit quality for the first time in years. Industrials have just been downgraded to underweight in our US equity sector model, which nearly always indicates that investors are worried about the outlook for the real economy.